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canada goose clearance The wrenching testimony of Christine Blasey Ford, who is accusing Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh of a sexual buy canada goose uk assault years ago, raises questions about the long term emotional and physical toll canada goose victoria parka outlet this kind of trauma takes on survivors and how our society responds to those who come forward long after the assault. canada goose clearance

Emily R. Dworkin, a senior fellow at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle, studies how the social interactions of trauma survivors can canada goose outlet vancouver affect their recovery. And while some types of therapy have been shown to be helpful, she says, more information on evidence based treatments for survivors “is critically needed.”

buy canada goose jacket Dworkin talked with NPR about her research findings and offered her perspective on where society and science need to go next to prevent assaults and help survivors heal. Our interview was edited for length and clarity. buy canada goose jacket

canada goose clearance sale You looked at a lot of studies about the mental health impact of sexual assault, but it’s not an area as well studied as say, heart disease. So what do we know? canada goose clearance sale

Sexual assault [any type of sexual activity or contact that happens without the consent of both people] began getting research attention in the ’70s as society as a whole was going through a feminist awakening, and it kind of developed at the same time as PTSD [post traumatic stress disorder], which was then known as “combat trauma.” Many things can lead to depression or anxiety. People with PTSD relive canada goose outlet in new york the trauma in the form of intrusive memories, nightmares, or even flashbacks. They avoid things that remind them of the trauma.

The symptoms that people were showing when they were coming home from war were the same as victims of rape trauma recurring canada goose outlet toronto address memories and a wish to avoid triggering them.

canadian goose jacket These days, lots of people are doing research, but there’s still a lot left to understand. What we do know is that sexual assault is associated with a higher risk for a lot of different mental health problems, including PTSD [and depression, anxiety, substance abuse and suicidality]. especially PTSD. canadian goose jacket

What do we know about how ethnicity and education affects the mental health of survivors of sexual assault?

Canada Goose Outlet We need to know more. Some of my past research on queer women shows that ongoing forms of stress can compound stress. canada goose outlet official And we know that people from marginalized groups are just at greater risk for sexual assault [and a number of other health problems]. So it’s likely that these groups experience more trauma but I don’t canada goose outlet 80 off think we can completely say for sure. Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose black friday sale How does sexual assault compare with other forms of trauma, in terms of effects on mental health? canada goose black friday sale

We never want to have the Olympics of trauma. But compared to other types of life threatening canada goose outlet toronto trauma, survivors of sexual assault do seem to be more likely to get PTSD. In my preliminary look at the data from 39 studies on this topic, it seems like 36 percent of survivors meet criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD in their lifetime, versus 12 percent of people who don’t have a history of sexual assault.

Canada Goose online My thinking is that sexual assault is a unique form of trauma. It is highly stigmatized, and when people go to seek help for it, unlike in a car canada goose outlet eu accident well, the police are not going to ask you if you’ve really been in a car accident. Canada Goose online

canada goose store Also, people don’t always do the most effective job of supporting sexual assault survivors. Sometimes they do things that can canada goose outlet real actually compound the trauma. In the ’70s it was known as “the second canada goose outlet niagara falls rape” when you tell the police, undergo a rape kit exam and explain it to family and friends. They don’t always know how to help. canada goose store

What canada goose outlet location can canada goose outlet store quebec survivors who are feeling overwhelmed, depressed and traumatized do to recover, and how can friends and family help?

Canada Goose sale It’s canada goose outlet paypal important for survivors to know that they can regain a sense of power over those triggers, and that the most natural response is to push away the triggers. Self care isn’t about turning off those bad feelings, but feeling those feelings so that they can subside naturally. Canada Goose sale

canada goose deals It’s kind of a counterintuitive idea, and it’s not what we usually think to do for our loved canada goose outlet shop ones. When somebody’s in pain, all you want to do is to take that pain away. It’s understandable to try to distract them, take them out for a drink, but it’s better to be a shoulder to cry on. You don’t need to cheer somebody up https://www.pick-canadagoose.com in the moment. Be there for them as a witness to their pain. canada goose deals

What about the professionals the police, the lawyers, the therapists that survivors need to talk to? How can they do a better job?

Canada Goose Jackets This all comes back to. dealing with the false beliefs we have around sexual assault blaming the victim, challenging the victim’s choices. Changing these cultural norms is important. Canada Goose Jackets

Canada Goose Parka One of the evidence based treatments for PTSD is overcoming the trauma by sharing the story. That’s a very different thing than being forced to tell it in public. Canada Goose Parka

I don’t want to imply that it’s the survivor’s fault they have PTSD. And they feel like they don’t want to relive it again, which is totally natural. But our bodies can’t canada goose discount uk sustain that intense emotional response for long those feelings come down naturally.

In my clinical work, a woman came to me with her story of sexual assault. The first time she told it, she was crying. By the fourth time, she was almost yawning. Her story is not one that has power over her anymore. She has the control over whether she’s going to have her life altered.

cheap Canada Goose Has canada goose outlet kokemuksia the public’s canada goose outlet boston perception of sexual assault changed canada goose outlet black friday sale since the Kavanaugh hearings? cheap Canada Goose

I think about this stuff every day. I’ve been thinking it about every day since canada goose outlet store new york I was 18 and beginning my research. It takes me awhile to catch up and realize that everyone else is thinking about it now.

My hope is that we’re canada canada goose outlet goose outlet uk sale changing some of the cultural conversation around this.

It’s important to know that most of the disorders are very treatable conditions. I do feel like if survivors can get connected to evidence based treatments, they can be helped even years later.

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